Site specific reclamation plans are required for development taking place on lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), including private lands with federal mineral rights. HWA has worked closely with the BLM since 2010 to develop plans that meet the required standards and that ultimately improve the reclamation process.
Extensive pre-disturbance field work is an integral part of developing a site specific reclamation plan, including soils analyses to determine soil texture, pH, electrical conductivity, and reactivity. Vegetation must also be recorded using transects to identify and record species present at the site, and a reference site with similar characteristics must be established and documented. A variety of landscape characteristics are also recorded, such as drainages, erosion potential, topography, and landform. By considering soils, vegetation, and landform, the site is classified as a standard Ecological Site Description (ESD), and an appropriate seed mix is developed. Detailed instructions and maps for topsoil salvage are prepared by HWA. In some cases, seed mixes and topsoil salvage methods may differ within a site to reflect the pre-disturbance conditions.
All noxious/invasive weed species are mapped during the pre-construction field monitoring to establish baseline conditions. Post-construction, HWA can complete the annual monitoring required by the BLM each year, which is largely focused on weeds, as well as erosion control and native species success. Throughout the phases of reclamation, we communicate with all involved parties to ensure that BLM requirements are met, conduct all necessary field work, and prepare documents and maps, all of which will facilitate reclamation, making the process more efficient.